Jerome is a town in Yavapai County in the U.S. state of Arizona. Founded in the late 19th century on Cleopatra Hill overlooking the Verde Valley, Jerome is located more than 5,000 feet above sea level. The town owes its existence mainly to two ore bodies that formed about 1.75 billion years ago along a ring fault in the caldera of an undersea volcano.
About Jerome, Arizona in brief
Jerome is a town in Yavapai County in the U.S. state of Arizona. Founded in the late 19th century on Cleopatra Hill overlooking the Verde Valley, Jerome is located more than 5,000 feet above sea level. The town owes its existence mainly to two ore bodies that formed about 1. 75 billion years ago along a ring fault in the caldera of an undersea volcano. Jerome made news in 1917 when labor unrest involving the Industrial Workers of the World led to the expulsion at gunpoint of about 60 IWW members, who were loaded on a cattle car and shipped west. As the ore deposits ran out, the mines closed for good in 1953, and the population dwindled to fewer than 100. By the early 21st century, Jerome had art galleries, coffee houses, restaurants, a state park, and a local museum devoted to mining history. Jerome is about 100 miles north of Phoenix and 45 miles southwest of Flagstaff along Arizona State Route 89A between Sedona to the east and Prescott to the west. It is in Arizona’s Black Hills, which trend north–south. Bitter Creek, a tributary of theVerde River, flows intermittently through Jerome. East of Jerome at the base of the hills are the Ver de Valley and the communities of Clarkdale and Cottonwood, site of the nearest airport. Most of Cleopratah Hill, the rock formation upon which Jerome was built, is 1.75 billion years old. No record exists for Jerome’s geologic history for the next 2billion years of Jerome’s geological history.
Evidence from the Grand Canyon, further north in Arizona, suggests that thick layers of sediment may have been laid down atop the ore bodies and later eroded away. The Greatconity has been called the Unconformity about 525 million years ago. It has been named for the Great Conformity, which is a gap in the rock record between two sides of a fold called the Jerome anticline. It was named after Jerome, Arizona, a town that was founded in the 18th century by William A. Clark. The United Verde Mine extracted ore bearing copper, gold, silver, and other metals from the larger of the two. In total, the copper deposits discovered in the vicinity of Jerome were among the richest ever found. Jerome became a National Historic Landmark in 1967 and is now known for its tourist attractions, such as its \”ghost town\” status and local wineries. The town lies within the Prescott National Forest at an elevation of more than5,000ft. Woodchute Wilderness is about 3 miles west of Jerome, and Mingus Mountain, at 7,726 feet north of town, is about 4 miles south of town. Jerome State Historic Park is in the town itself. It is located along State Route89A between sedona and Prescott. In its heyday, it was home to more than 10,000 people in the 1920s.