Duke University is a private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father, Washington Duke.
About Duke University in brief
Duke University is a private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father, Washington Duke. In 2019, Clarivate Analytics named 54 members of Duke’s faculty to its list of \”Highly Cited Researchers\”. That number places Duke 8th among the world’s universities. As of 2019, 15 Nobel laureates and 3 Turing Award winners have been affiliated with the university. Duke alumni also include 50 Rhodes Scholars, 25 Churchill Scholars and 8 Mitchell Scholars. Duke is the alma mater of one president of the United States and 14 living billionaires. The university has been ranked as an excellent employer by several publications. It is the second-largest private employer in North Carolina, with more than 39,000 employees. It also administers two concurrent schools in Asia, Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore and Duke Kunshan University in Kun shan, China. In 1878, Trinity awarded degrees to three sisters, Mary, Persis and Theresa Giles, who had studied with private tutors and classes with men. With the relocation in 18 92, the Board of Trustees voted to allow women to be formally admitted to classes as day students. In 1903, four faculty members’ children were enrolled; three of the four were members of the faculty’ children.
In 1904, the university’s first female president was elected; she was the first woman to hold the position. In 2008, the University’s first African-American president was appointed; she is the first female African- American president. In 2010, the President of the University of North Carolina was appointed by former President Barack Obama. The University has been named one of the top ten universities in the world by the American Council on Education. It has been the home to more than 50 Nobel Prize winners, including 15 Nobel Laureates and 25 Churchill scholars. In 2012, Duke had the fifth-highest number of Rhodes, Marshall, Truman, Goldwater, and Udall Scholars of any American university between 1986 and 2015. Duke’s original campus, East Campus, was rebuilt from 1925 to 1927 with Georgian-style buildings. The West Campus, designed largely by architect Julian Abele, contains Gothic architecture with the 210-foot Duke Chapel at the campus’ center and highest point of elevation, is adjacent to the Medical Center. By 1930, the majority of the Collegiate Gothic-style. buildings on the campus one mile west were completed on West Campus. The construction of the West Campus culminated with the completion of Duke Chapel in 1935. The East Campus is 1.5 miles away, home to all first-years, and contains Georgian- style architecture. It was named after Julian S. Carr and Washington Duke, powerful and respected Methodists who had grown wealthy through the tobacco and electrical industries.