Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District. It was founded by President Juscelino Kubitschek on April 21, 1960, to serve as the new national capital. All three branches of Brazil’s federal government are centered in the city: executive, legislative and judiciary. Brasília was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning.
About Brasília, Brazil in brief
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District. It was founded by President Juscelino Kubitschek on April 21, 1960, to serve as the new national capital. The city’s design divides it into numbered blocks as well as sectors for specified activities, such as the Hotel Sector, the Banking Sector, and the Embassy Sector. Brasília was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning. All three branches of Brazil’s federal government are centered in the city: executive, legislative and judiciary. It is estimated to be Brazil’s third-most populous city. Among major Latin American cities, it has the highest GDP per capita. It hosted the 2014 FIFA World Cup and some of the football matches during the 2016 Summer Olympics. It also hosted the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 2014 World Cup warm-up events in the summer of 2012. It has the third-busiest airport in Brazil, and it is the fourth-largest city in the country by population. It hosts 124 foreign embassies, and its international airport connects it to all other major Brazilian cities and some international destinations, including Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Salvador, and Porto Alegre. The federal capital is an administrative division rather than a legal municipality like other cities in Brazil. The Federal District is composed of 31 administrative regions, only one of which is the area of the originally planned city, also called Plano Piloto.
The rest of the federal District is considered by IBGE to make up Brasíalia’s metro area. The first capital in Brazil was Salvador; later in 1763 Rio de Rio became Brazil’s capital until 1960. An article of the country’s first republican constitution, dated 1891, states that the capital should be moved from Rio De Janeiro to a place close to the country’s center. The plan was conceived in 1827 by José Bonifácio, an advisor to Emperor Pedro I, with the idea of moving the capital westward from the heavily populated southeastern corridor. The bill was not enacted because Pedro I dissolved the Assembly. According to the legend, Italian saint Don Bosco in 1883 had a dream in which he described a futuristic city that roughly fitted Brasí Lima’s location. In Brasíla today, many references to Bosco, who founded the Salesian order, are found throughout the city and one church parish in the City bears his name. The Monumental Axis is a cross-axal design indicating the possession and conquest of this new place with a cross, often likened to a plane or a bird of prey. The City of Design was named \”City of Design\” by UNESCO in October 2017 and has been part of the Creative Cities Network since then. The original plan was developed by Lúcio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer and Joaquim Cardozo in 1956 in a scheme to move the capital to a more central location. Even though the initial plan was transformed over time, it survived much of the construction of its construction.
You want to know more about Brasília, Brazil?
This page is based on the article Brasília, Brazil published in Wikipedia (as of Dec. 29, 2020) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.