Battle of Dürenstein
The Battle of Dürenstein took place on 11 November 1805. A combined force of Russian and Austrian troops trapped a French division. The French lost more than a third of their participants, and Théodore Maxime Gazan’s division experienced over 40 per cent losses.
About Battle of Dürenstein in brief
The Battle of Dürenstein took place on 11 November 1805. A combined force of Russian and Austrian troops trapped a French division. The battle was fought three weeks after the surrender of one Austrian army at the Battle of Ulm. The French lost more than a third of their participants, and Théodore Maxime Gazan’s division experienced over 40 per cent losses. Both sides claimed victory in the battle, which was fought in the Wachau valley, on the river Danube, 73 kilometers upstream from Vienna, Austria. In a series of conflicts in 1803–15 known as the Napoleonic Wars, various European powers formed five coalitions against the First French Empire. Although several naval battles determined control of the seas, the outcome of the war was decided on the continent, predominantly in two major land operations in the Danube valley: the Ulm campaign in the upper Danube and the Vienna campaign, in the middle Danube Valley. Although Napoleon made a spectacular return in 1815, his defeat at theBattle of Waterloo, the pursuit of his army and himself, his abdication and banishment to the Island of Saint Helena concluded the Naposeonic Wars. The French demanded a high indemnity, and Francis II abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor, releasing the German states from their allegiance to the Holy Roman Empire. In 1805, Karl Mack, Lieutenant Field Marshal and Quartermaster-General of the Army, implemented his own restructuring.
Mack bypassed Charles’ methodical approach. Occurring in the field, the plan also undermined the military’s overall command and organizational structure, after misreading Württemberg’s readiness on Napoleon’s maneuvers in the 1813–14 campaigns. Although Ferdinand was a poor choice as commander, neither he nor his brother-in-law, Archduke Charles, retained nominal command of the day-to-day operations. Although Francis dismissed Ferdinand as generalissimo, he appointed his Francophobic brother-law as general post-Inspector-General and appointed his nephew as general-general of the army. In the end, Charles was forced to give up his post-inaugural post as general general-issimo and was replaced by his son, Prince Charles of Wurttenberg, who was a better commander than he had been in the first place. The war ended in 1805 and Austria withdrew from the war after the defeat at Austerlitz, and the French demanded an indemnity from Francis II. The Treaty of Versailles ended the war in 1806 and Austria joined the War of the Third Coalition, but it was not until 1805 that Austria entered the war against the French Empire that the French were forced to pay a large indemnity for their losses. The treaty was signed in 1807. The Battle of AusterLitz was the first of several battles between the French and the Austrians, and it was fought between 1803 and 1805 in the Dürnstein valley.