Augustine of Hippo was the first to develop the theodicy. He rejected the idea that evil exists in itself, instead regarding it as a corruption of goodness, caused by humanity’s abuse of free will. Theodics are a type of Christian theology that attempts to explain God’s existence amid evidence of good and evil. They typically assert God is perfectly good and that evil is the result of humanity’s original sin.
About Augustinian theodicy in brief
Augustine of Hippo was the first to develop the theodicy. He rejected the idea that evil exists in itself, instead regarding it as a corruption of goodness, caused by humanity’s abuse of free will. Theodicy is a response to the evidential problem of evil, which raises the concern that if God is omnipotent and omnibenevolent, there should be no evil in the world. It attempts to reconcile the existence and nature of God with evidence of evil. The free will defence attempts to answer only the logical problem of good. It does not demonstrate the existence of God, but attempts to prove that God and the presence of evil are not logically contradictory. The Augustinian theodicycle asserts that God created the world ex nihilo, but maintains that God did not create evil and is not responsible for its occurrence. All versions of this theodcy accept the Genesis creation belief that Godcreated beings without sin or suffering. Evil is not attributed existence in its own right, but is described as the privation of good – the corruption of God’s good creation. Augustinian theologians argue that the original sin of Adam and Eve is the reason for evil: the nature of human will is evil when their will is immoral. They maintain that God is blameless and not himself responsible for evil, maintaining that God was born good and not evil himself. They believe that God’s goodness and benevolence remain perfect and without responsibility for evil or suffering, and that he is not guilty of any crime or sin. Theosophy is the study of theological implications of the theological narrative, including the implications of human sin and the fall of God on the Garden of Eden, and its implications for the theological theory of God.
Theology is a branch of philosophy that focuses on the relationship between God and human beings, and the role of the free will in the creation of the world, as well as the role played by humans in the evolution of the universe. It has been described as a form of Christianity since the 4th- and 5th-century theologian and philosopher Augustine of Hippa. The theodics have been adapted by Alvin Plantinga, among others, and are known as ‘Augustinian’ Theodics are a type of Christian theology that attempts to explain God’s existence amid evidence of good and evil. They typically assert God is perfectly good and that evil is the result of humanity’s original sin. A number of variations have been proposed throughout history, but their similarities were first described by the 20th- century philosopher John Hick, who classified them as \”Augustinian\”. They typically claim that God creates the world out of nothing, and evil is caused by humans’ misuse of their free will and concupiscence, and not by God himself. Hick distinguished between the Augustinian. theodika, which attempts to clear God of all responsibility for good, based on human free will, and. the Irenaean theodica, which casts God as responsible for good but justified because of its benefits for human development.