Absentee voting is a vote cast by someone who is unable or unwilling to attend the official polling station to which the voter is allocated. Methods include voting at a different location, postal voting, proxy voting and online voting. Some countries require that a valid reason, such as infirmity or travel, be given before a voter can participate in an absentee ballot.
About Absentee ballot in brief
Absentee voting is a vote cast by someone who is unable or unwilling to attend the official polling station to which the voter is normally allocated. Methods include voting at a different location, postal voting, proxy voting and online voting. Early voting includes votes cast before the official election day, by mail, online or in-person at voting centers which are open for the purpose. Some countries require that a valid reason, such as infirmity or travel, be given before a voter can participate in an absentee ballot. All-postal voting is the form of postal voting where all electors receive their ballot papers through the post. Security experts have found problems in every attempt at online voting, including systems in Australia, Russia, Switzerland, and the United States. To cast a proxy vote, the user appoints someone as their proxy, authorizing them to cast or secure their vote in their stead. There is no way of verifying that they voted for the correct candidate, but it is not uncommon for people to nominate an official of their party as their chosen proxy. Online voting is widely used in the U.S., Australia,Switzerland, Germany, France and the Netherlands. It has been tested by a large number of local authorities in the United Kingdom for their elections, and in 2004 it was used for elections to the Parliament and four of the English regions. In 2016, the Australian Marriage Law Postal Law was passed with a turnout of 79.5 percent with a survey conducted via all- Postal voting conducted by European authorities in European countries. It was used in all-Postal voting in the European elections in 2016, and it was also used in 2004 for elections in the UK and the Republic of Ireland.
The history of absentee voting dates back to the 19th century, and modern-day procedures and availability vary by jurisdiction. Many electors are required to apply for absentee voting, although some may receive a postal ballot by default. Some jurisdictions use special paper, ballot tracking, or printing to minimize forged ballots. While postal voting has a greater risk of fraud than in- person voting, on an absolute level cases of known fraud are extremely rare. Voting by mail is sometimes controlled by using security printing, or by requiring signatures of voters and sometimes witnesses, though signature comparisons have 10-14% error rates. There is some evidence that this method of voting leads to higher turnout than one where people vote in person or have to applied for a postal vote. The reasons for allocating voters to specific polling stations are generally logistical. Some countries provide a mechanism by which voters can nevertheless cast their ballots on election day at adifferent polling station. The reason for this is generally logistical, and can be catered for by designating some larger polling stations as available for absentee Voting. In these countries, absentee voting overlaps with early voting, which is separate concepts in these countries. Some places call early in-Person voting a form of \”absentee\” voting, since voters are absent from the polling place onelection day.